Current Affairs dated 29-09-2020

On September 2020, Rajya Sabha passed 7 key bills in three and a half hours, without any opposition among these, 3 bills dealt with farmers and the APMC system. Initially, these bills were introduced as an ordinance by the government in June, it was only after when the government said that these should be passed as bills when the protest against started to take place.

All 3 bills have been passed by the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha as on 29/09/20.

One bill was not accepted on 20/09/20 but now even that has been cleared by both. But all these bills are yet to get president’s stamp

We must note that even BKS has come forward and said that it does not in favour of these bills.

What is the Name of the Agriculture bills passed the NDA Government?

  1. The Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill,2020
  2. The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm services Bill,2020
  3. Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020.

What is the Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill,2020

Allows a barrier-free-intra- and inter-state trade farm produce.

Previously farm produce was sold at notified wholesale markets (Mandis) run by the 7000 agricultural Produce Marketing Committees.

Each APMC had licensed middlemen who would buy from farmers – at prices set by auction.

For this Bill, even the State govt. has shown it’s concern saying: if private buyers start purchasing directly from farmers, they will lose out on taxes and also people who work in the government channels will be jobless

What is The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm services Bill,2020?

This law will not allow farmers to enter into agreements with agri-firms, exporters or large buyers to produce a crop for a pre-agreed price. Farmers are worried this means the MSP will be removed.

Demand- Link MSP to contract Prices.

What is the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020?

Allows economic agents to stock food articles freely without the fear of being prosecuted for hoarding. Unlimited stocking can lead to artificial price fluctuations.